In May of 1963, thousands and thousands of civil rights activists were attacked by police officers with dogs and nightsticks under the order of Eugene Connor. Young and old black individuals were jailed by the thousands for marching. Many young black people were injured, giving the name the Children's Crusade.
Where did it happen?
The people involved in this event included Police commissioner Eugene Connor, Birmingham Police, and thousands of students from Birmingham such as Audrey Faye Hedricks, Bernita Roberson, Larry Russell, etc.
Why did it happen?
The Birmingham Children's Crusade occurred from May 2-5 1963.
How did it happen? (Mary Gadson)
The 1963 Children's Crusade started at the sixth street Baptist church and made it's way downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
The goal was to use tactics of non-violence. Civil rights leaders in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and other civil rights groups developed a plan to desegregate Birmingham, a city notorious for its discriminatory practices in employment and public life.
For Mary Gadson, a student from Birmingham, Alabama, luck was in the air. Mary managed to escape and find a way home. Mary ran home out of breath and told her parents what happened. Additionally, she reflected and questioned how the police commissioner could be so racist.