Northern Free States: Feelings about state additions?
Northern Free States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
Northern Free States: Who was involved?
Only Congress should have the power to determine if a state is a free or slave state!
Unorganized parts of the Louisiana Purchase should be free!
The northerners did not like how Missouri got to be a slave state in the free half of the country. However, Maine was also added, so the balance in Congress was even. Northerners were nervous about Utah and New Mexico because those states got to choose between free and slave. It could go either way.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about states additions?
Northerners were happy that slavery would not be allowed to be above the 36°30′ line (Missouri was an exception). They were also happy that the northern half has more land according to the map.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
Senator James Tallmadge from New York proposed an amendment to ban slavery in the undistributed portion of the Louisiana Purchase. Senator Rufus King from Massachusetts argued that Congress had the power to determine if a new state could have slavery or not. This means that he also agreed with states not having the authority to vote if it was free or slave.
Southern Slave States: Who was involved?
Only states should be able to decide if a new state is a slave or free state!
Southerners liked the fact that they had Missouri in the Northern half of the U.S. That means that they had a foothold in the North. They saw Missouri as an example of states' rights. They were okay with the U.S. adding Maine to balance power in Congress.
(Mostly) Free states
We also are an example of states' rights.
We're here to annoy the northern states.
Southerners felt pretty happy about the 36°30′ line because although more was technically above the 36°30′ line, southerners were the biggest supporters of Manefest Destiny. That means that they will eventually obtain Texas and all of the people living their as a slave state. Also, they had Missouri above the line, so they had a slave state in the northern half of the line. Now slavery had a foothold in the northern side.
We have a foothold on the northern half.
Senator William Pinckney from Marylandargued that only states should be able to decide whether new states are slave states or not. Senator Henry Clay from Kentucky suggested dividing the original compromise into three parts. This is called the Missouri Compromise of 1850. This strategic idea temporarily ended the debate until California applied for statehood.
The original bill should be split into three different parts!