As rightful pope, I demand obedience from the faithful!
No way! As pope of the Holy Roman Empire, I am truly the rightful pope!
The Ninety-Five Theses1. The Bible is the only source of religious truth.
The first event that lead to the Reformation was the Great Schism in 1378. It was the splitting of the Catholic Church into two centers of power: Avignon and Rome.
Did you hear about Martin Luther's messages?
In 1414, the Holy Roman Empire summoned a conference to end the schism. The French pope was removed, the Roman pope was persuaded to resign, and Pope Martin V was elected. Although many efforts to reform were made, distrust remained among Church officials.
Yo estoy rezando.
¿Qué estás haciendo?
Since the Church owned a lot of land in Europe, they needed lot of money to maintain it. This meant higher taxations and indulgences. Many thought that this was a corruption of the original Christian faith, including Martin Luther. He wrote out his disputes in the 95 Theses.
The Protestants find religious truth in the Bible only.
Truth also come from Church tradition, too.
Luther's ideas spread quickly in different forms. For instance, some priests preached his message in their churches, and merchants spread them along trade routes.
Yeah! I heard his Ninety-Five Theses are pretty impressive too!
As the printing process became cheaper, printing shops became more common. This allowed people to read the Bible in their own language, which threatened the Catholic Church's authority. Many religious wars were fought later because peasants sought more rights.
As the Reformation grew, the Catholic Church grew nervous because of the Protestantism, the criticism of the Catholic Church. They made policies to stop the spread of Protestantism. This was called the Counter Reformation. The Council of Trent met between 1545 and 1563 to define the Catholic belief system.