Hooray! We will finally have a say in the government!
No! Jackson will try to become king and there will be no more democracy!
I would like to hire you both to work for me.
At Jackson's inauguration, 10,000 people showed up to congratulate him. Jackson only expected a few 100. Once a celebration, turned into a riot. Jackson's supporters would do almost anything that he told them to do. The other political figures and non-Jackson supporters thought that Jackson was going to be like Napoleon.
Jacksonian Democracy is the idea that common people should control the government. This was the start of the Democratic Party we know today. Non-Jackson supporters put Jackson's head on a donkey, trying to insult him, but he ended up taking pride in it. Jackson liked being a donkey because they are hardworking.
Bank of the United States
The spoils system is the practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs. This is exactly what Jackson did when he was in office. Jackson replaced 10% of government jobs and replaced them with his supporters that have been with him since the beginning. Because of his original supporters, they are what helped him to become president.
Jackson put a tariff on cloth, which is made from cotton. Northern States liked the new tariff because they were humming with new factories. The southern states didn't like the new tariff because they were the ones making the cotton for cloth, which hurt there business. South Carolina nullified the tariff and continued to not tax the cotton. Jackson tried to forced then to enforce the tax but they wouldn't. South Carolina started to ready their militia. Henry Clay had to come in and compromise, avoiding war. In the end, Jackson lowered to tariff to half of what it was.
Jackson didn't want a national bank, he thought that it favored the rich, eastern, white men. He wanted the wealth to be more distributed. Jackson was waiting until he was reelected to get rid of it. Henry Clay liked the bank. Clay was going to run for president against Jackson, pushed to renew the bank contract so Jackson couldn't get rid of it. Jackson vetoed it and then was reelected. But the Supreme Court said the bank was constitutional, so Jackson wasn't able to get rid of it.
Jackson's first act as president was to remove the Native Americans. The southern Americans wanted the Native American's land because it was fertile, they wanted to grow cotton. Jackson issued an act that would allow him to negotiate the Native Americans removal. It was the law of the land. The Native Americans didn't want to leave, they stayed, trying it assimilate themselves into American culture. These tribes were known as the five civilized tribe. They were the Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Seminole and Choctaw tribes.