Colombia

Colombia
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  • Alonso de Ojeda discovered Colombia in 1499
  • In 1525 a man named Rodrigo de Bastidas founded the first proper settlement in the territory: Santa Marta.
  • The Spanish began a process of colonization of Colombia in 1525.
  • In 1533, Cartagena was founded by Pedro de Heredia and became the main center of commerce and trade in Colombian history. 
  • Santa Fe de Bogota was founded in 1538, and all three expeditions eventually ended up there, sparking a battle for control of the newly founded territory. 
  • Santa Fe de Bogota would later become the capital city of its own viceroyalty.
  • The battle for supremacy between the three explorers continued until 1550, when finally the Spanish king Charles V issued a decree that established a court of justice at Bogota, naming it the Royal Audience of the New Kingdom of Granada. 
  • Charles V then placed this new colony under the already-formed Viceroyalty of Peru.
  • Colombia maintained this political status until the eighteenth century, when it became its own viceroyalty, encompassing the present-day territories of Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela.
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