Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
The Romans have a myth of the founding of their city. Long ago, a princess gave birth birth to twins sons, Romulus and Remus. The princess's uncle-the king- was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them. Romulus killed his brother. He became king of the city, which he named Rome.
The Romans became great builders because they learned many of their techniques from the Etruscan's. Two important Etruscan structures that the Romans adapted was the arch and the cuniculus
Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races. The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses. These fierce competitions often resulted in injury or death.
The Romans borrowed and adapted ideas from the Greeks, as well at the Etruscan's. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples, like the Parthenon, had stately columns added to their beauty.
Greek pottery was valued throughout the Mediterranean world for it's usefulness and beauty. Greek potters created large clay vessels for storing food, water, and wine. Some of their designs showed pictures of gods and heroes, while others illustrated people in their daily life. Romans imitated the technique, but developed their own style.