I am more than 3/5 of a person, stop using me for work and votes!
State vs. Federal Power
Large states wanted all of the power while smaller states wanted a equal say. Large states wanted representation based on population (Virginia Plan) and smaller states argued for equal representation by state (New Jersey Plan).
States wanted the slaves' votes but did not want them to count as people. The purpose was to get the state population higher so they could have more votes and ultimately more electoral votes
Many delegates believed that the federal government should be able to overrule state laws, but others feared that a strong federal government would oppress their citizens.
State / Federal Power Compromise
The states made a compromise, called the great compromise, that consisted of a bicameral legislature. The House of representatives was based off state population and the senate was equal representation for all states. The Connecticut Compromise.
Two House legislature / Bicameralism
Each slave counted as 3/5 of a person. Congress agreed not to outlaw the slave trade for 20 years. States could not return a slave to their owner if they escaped.
The delegates compromised by allotting specific responsibilities to the federal government while delegating all other functions to the states. The federal government could declare war and tax while the state government could ratify amendments