Like the nomination of President Obama for a second term despite his change in party
While last time we discussed fake new and it's outcomes on the population and media, today we will be talking about the very REAL process of how an American candidate may become our President.
The 'Path to Presidency' is a serious of steps, the first of which is nomination. During nomination, the process is exactly what it sounds like. Each party nominates a few candidates for that they see as the most likely to actually win a vote. The least controversial, most publicly well spoken. Because of this, former senators and incumbent presidents tend to be nominated.
Now, we are taught from a young age that our form of government is called a democracy, or a republican democracy. But there is a lot more than just choosing our leader out of a crowd going on here.
Caucuses, on the other hand, are very different from the primaries. There are fewer states that use caucuses, but they are still effective. Both of these processes are to choose the candidate who will represent the party, and estimate popularity before the real campaigning begins.
Primary elections are basically like any imagined election, where people vote for their candidate. The process of voting may differ, but they are pretty similar. There are different types of primaries, including closed and a series of open primaries. In those that are called 'open' all qualified voters are allowed to cast a ballot. In 'closed' primaries, only declared party members can cast a ballot.
The second step varies from state to state, and is called either 'Primary' elections or 'Caucuses'. There are very specific schedules for when and where these are held, though in most states not all citizens can vote in them. They are reserved for certain party members.
The third step, and the commonly forgotten step, it the National Convention. The National Convention is basically just a series of meetings with the purpose of gathering the powerful figures and under each party to confirm candidates and discuss their goals. A conventions were begun with the idea of gathering important people and money, but now take on a roll similar to setting guidelines for a party.
Begin the rally!
These conventions are part of the voting process now though. They carry most of the decision making behind a candidate from the beginning of the race onward. The party will vote on what they will support and have their candidate enforce it. If the candidate denies the demands of the party, they are denying the people.
TV and Traveling! Political vacation
During campaigning a candidate will be given a limited fund to work with. This does not mean they don't use a lot of money, but they depend on those who donate to their campaigning fund, mostly from the National Convention.
This is the part where the politicians get their reputation. Step 4, when they start campaigning. There are different outlooks on what happens in this stage, but we can all say that politicians are widely known for boosting themselves and slamming each other. This is actually a strategic way to win, despite how primitive it tends to seem.
After the initial campaigning, there is the 'Grand Election day'. This is the day we all know and love for it's stress and consequences. Though the actual date will vary occasionally, most of the nation takes part in this to choose their candidate for the federal position. Everyone goes to their district's voting place, which is either a church or a school and takes their ballot. Though this is the decision making of the people, it is only part of the process- called the 'Popular poll'. It can be overridden.
Nowadays we DO get a vote, and do have power over who becomes our president, because the 'electives' have been chosen by the states, by a commonly public vote. Before this though, we did't have any power over that. Whoever was there voted and whoever wasn't part of the government didn't have much of a say in who voted or who became President.
Just like I stated a minute ago, the popular poll is only part of the process. It actually doesn't conclude much. It just shows the electors, who sit in Congress, who the people like. The 6th step is where the final decision really occurs- the Electoral College.
The last step to becoming the President of the United States of America is the fancy part! A predecessor to the crowning of a royal, the inauguration of the President is their final bow. The President is sworn into his position in front of the people of America. That's also what makes it different from the former European crown- he swears to his people that he will follow the Constitution and act as a good leader maintain their rights.