However, before the Constitution was created there was a long debate to decide what would be in the Constitution. These debates were called the Federalist Debates. There were two sides, the Anti-federalists and the Federalists, who debated over what idea was best suited to be on the Constitution. Their ideas differed from topic to topic.
The Federalists believed that the elites were the most equipped to rule and that the constitution should be used for the new government. They thought that the Constitution proved no threat to the people and that each state's government should have had a Bill of Rights. They thought the states needed to be organized under one strong central government and share powers with this central government.Their belief was that the Constitution limits the President's power and that the Supreme Court should be a necessary part of the three branches and with limited powers.
The Anti-Federalists believed that the elites were too corrupt. The Anti-Federalists wanted there to be more elections and to include more people into the democratic process. They felt we should keep the Articles of Confederation and there should be more direct democracy as well as a bill of rights to protect the people. They thought the states should hold the power and be under a weaker central government. They also believed the President needed to have less power and not be similar to a king and that the Supreme Court should not have higher powers than the law systems of the states.
These are the Federalist Debates.
We should have a Bill of Bights to protect people's rights.
I believe the elites should rule!
There were several people who influenced the government, however there were two that influenced it a lot. These two were Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Thomas Hobbes was an English scholar who believed that humans were selfish, had the urge to fight, and that without government they would always be this way. He referred to this as "A State of Nature" where they are always fighting and nothing belongs to only one person. He believed that there should be a social contract where people give up some of their rights for protection, but in doing so, they lose the right to overthrow the government. He explained this more in his book, Leviathan.
John Locke, a political scientist, believed in a "Tabula Rosa" where everyone is born with a clean slate and that they gain experience throughout their lives which made them all different. However, what they share in common is that they are all human. He also believed that people had three natural rights: Life (the desire to live and will to survive), Liberty (the want to live freely and to make free decisions), and Property (the desire to own things that help in the survival of life). John Locke agreed with Hobbes about the fact that anyone who lives without government lives in "A State of Nature". However, their ideas of what the "State of Nature" is differs. Locke's idea was that no one was in power and that there were no rules to be followed, which meant no protection for the people. He felt the government was there to end the "State of Nature", protect the people and their rights, and if the people felt the government was not doing its job, that they could revolt.