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The Enlightenment was sparked by scientist who used reason along with experiments to figure out how the universe worked. During the Enlightenment, political thinkers tried to use reason to improve government.
John Locke Born: 1632 Died: 1704 Believed the power of government to rule must come from the constant of the government. Took comfort in England's Glorious Revolution with three basic rights- Life, Political Equality, and ownership of property.
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Voltaire- French philosopher championed the idea of freedom of speech. Famous statement "I disapprove of what you say, but will defend the death of your right to say it".(democracy)
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Could you tell me some stuff about Baron de Montesquieu
Separation of powers to maintain balance within government. Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches of government. Wanted to see a stricted separation of Church and state mixing government and religion was a disaster.
Jean- Jacques Roussea Had a similar belief on the state of nature but differed on the role of government. He saw a society as the corrupting influence on people. He felt it was the of government to protect the " General Will" of the people.
Finally, done with essays for the weekend
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