Before the Battle of Yorktown: Battle of Guildford Courthouse
British Retreat to Yorktown
The Colonists' Plan
The Battle of Guilford Courthouse was fought between the British and the colonists, and led up to the Battle of Yorktown. The British won the fight, but suffered great losses in the progress.
The Clash in Yorktown
British Commander, Lord Charles Cornwallis retreats to the Yorktown Peninsula in June 1781, in hopes to replenish and reequip his totaled army as best as possible. After the retreat, he has 8,000 troops that are fit to fight for the Battle of Yorktown.
The British Surrender
While the British retreat to Yorktown, the colonists, led by George Washington, were outside New York, planning for an attack on the British with the help of four thousand French troops.
Outcome of the Surrender
During the battle, the British expected ships of more troops that would be sent from New York, but they never came. This led to the British being outnumbered by the French and Continental troops.
On October 19, 1781, General Cornwallis surrendered his troops as he was obviously outnumbered by the forces fighting against him.
After the surrender of the British forces, the colonists win their independence from Britain, which they have been waiting five years for.