Charlemagne was a Roman empire emperor whose goal was to rule a christian empire and to thank god. The pope and Charlemagne worked together by protecting each other from danger, for example when Pope Leo III left Rome because he was thrown out of office. The pope rewarded Charlemagne by crowning him emperor. The two lasting effects where the strengthening of the power in the western European church. Also, the other is by insulting the western churches because of his act of giving the pope of the eastern churches to crown the emperor of their choice.
This is a dream come true!
I think the church made you emperor!
Charlemagne believed that God made him emperor so that he could do God’s work on earth. The pope believed that the church made him emperor. 200 years later, the different points of view led to a clash between the emperor and the pope.
I think that God made me emperor!
In 1073, Pope Gregory issued a list of rules containing rules for the pope to rule the secular and nonsecular peoples, to have the power to choose bishops, and to have the power to remove emperors from the throne. King Henry reacted to this, because it was an attack on his own self and subjects.
I needith power!
The conflict between the pope and the king started when King Henry ignored the pope’s rules and named his own bishop for the city of Milan, Italy, then the pope appointed a rival bishop. Next, King Henry tried to remove the pope from office, then the pope excommunicated Henry, then the pope freed the subjects of King Henry from their feudal oaths of loyalty to the emperor. People across Europe reacted as members of the clergy and secular rulers took sides.
I shallith excommunicate you!
The conflict ended for King Henry and Pope Gregory by the king Henry standing outside the Italian castle for three days to then visit the Pope Gregory in order to end his excommunication. Pope Gregory forgave him. But, then King Henry later took revenge and marched his army to Rome and forcing Pope Gregory from office.
I forgiveith ye.
The Concordat of Worms was an agreement that gave the church the sole authority to appoint bishops. But it also allowed emperors to give grants of land to bishops in order to win loyalty. This was not a success because popes and rulers still continued to have conflicts.