Tensions were raised in the region by the work of 3 government commissions, who were working on dissolving the smaller monasteries, collecting subsidy and enforcing new religious laws. However, rumours ran rife that they were after gold, jewels, plate and extra taxes.
End of the Lincolnshire Rising
The rising began at Louth on 1st Oct 1536, moving across the county before gathering with the parallel Horncastle rising at Lincoln. Anger and violence erupted, and the Bishop of Lincoln was murdered.
Start of the Pilgrimage of Grace
Initially led by local shoe maker Nicholas Melton, aka Captain Cobbler, the rising's leadership soon devolved on to the gentry, priests and even armed monks. At least 10,000 gathered at Lincoln and several articles of grievances were drawn.
Progress of the Pilgrimage of Grace
The collaboration between the gentry and the commons evaporated as the Duke of Suffolk and his army approached. The gentry ran for cover and sought forgiveness. The few rebels who remained were sent home when the Government's herald arrived on 11th October.
News of the Lincolnshire Rising spread quickly, and reached the ears of Robert Aske, A Yorkshire lawyer, on 4th October 1536. He dispatched letters across the county calling on men to maintain the Holy Church.
By 10th October, Aske had become Chief Captain of an army of 30,000 men. The rebels made their HQ in York before moving down to Pontefract on 21st October, where Lord Darcy handed over Pontefract Castle; the most important fortress in the north.