The theme I am focusing on is transformation/abandonment as well as conviviality for the innocence of childhood. I read “In Our Time” by Ernest Hemingway for my IR project. This book is a collection of short stories that made Hemingway famous and defined his writing style. This collection of short stories and vignettes focuses on the years before, during, and after World War I. The stories, which are titled, are separated by vignettes, each of which is a chapter. The vignettes are scenes from war, but the stories take up a different subject later. Through these chapters, Hemingway develops characters such as Nick Adams. Nick Adams is one of Hemingway’s most famous characters and is often considered to be a reflection of Hemingway himself. “Indian Camp," "The Doctor and the Doctor's Wife," "The End of Something," "The Three-Day Blow," "The Battler" and "A Very Short Story" all describe an encounter in the life of Nick Adams. They describe Nick’s childhood events and transformations with his dad, Uncle George, and friend Bill. He matures quickly and loses some innocence at a young age through traumatic events. Through these stories, Nick seems to be growing up. "The Battler," is about Nick in the war. Finally, "Big Two-Hearted River" is about the return of Nick Adams to his fishing ground, which has all been burnt down. His return home from war is his final transformation as he loses the last memory of his childhood that he hung on to. In my interpretation of this that i created above, Nick's childhood fishing spot wasn't physically destroyed, but instead destroyed in Nick's mind by the effects of the war. The war ultimately completed Nick's transformation. He was transformed from an innocent child to an adult when his father abandoned him (which is a reflection of Hemingway's father who committed suicide). He finally lost what was left of his innocent childhood to the war.