In 1948, the Arab-Israeli war came to an end, and the result was that the Holy Land was divided into three parts, The state of Israel, The West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.
October 1973, Yom Kippur War: Spans thru the month of October, and was a surprise attack Egypt and Syria launched on Israel, because of their location on the Sinai Peninsula. (Conflict settled by Camp David Accords)
1987, Palestinian protests in the West Bank and Gaza strip turn violent, leading to the first Intifada.
2000, second wave of the Intifada begins, and the second wave turns out to be much more violent and deadly.
2013: United States gets involved, in hopes of helping recreate the peace process that had been taking place, but ended.
2015: There was a very bad stretch of violence, leading to the deaths of over 2300 people, mostly Palestinians. Since then, Palestine's president Mahmoud Abbas has announced that Palestine will no longer be bound by the Oslo Accords.