The black box represents fear as everyone is afraid to win. The reader does not know what winning the Lottery will mean. "Mr. Adams reached into the black box and took out a folded paper. He held it firmly by one corner as he turned and went hastily back to his place in the crowd." (Line 165-167)
Tone and Theme
This ain't fair!
It was a hot and sunny day. A perfect day for the Lottery. Everyone was excited to attend the drawing. "Clear and sunny with fresh warmth of a full summer day" (Lines 1-2)
The lottery may be considered a metaphor for the use of the traditional ritual as a disguise for the desire for violence. Everybody in the town is okay with pelting Tessie with the stones and no one helps her. "All right, folks," Mr. summers said. "Let's finish quickly." (Line 309)
A theme of the story is: complaining can get you into worse trouble. When bill got the black dot she said the drawing was unfair and demanded a re-draw. After complaining, she was the one who drew the black dot. "It wasn't fair, Tessie said." (LIne 243)