On the northwest coast of South America, the Moche culture flourished between A.D. 100 and 700. Their land was harsh-a desert that was squeezed between the Andes Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Inca were gifted engineers and builders. They built an extensive network of roads that helped them transport people and goods. Bridges built of wood, stone, and thick rope helped them cross rivers and deep canyons.
Thirty distinct culture lived in the Pacific Northwest region. This narrow strip of mountains and woodland followed the coast from present-day northern Californa to Alaska. They also had Totem Poles are another example of Northwest Coast wood carving artistry. They use the mask for ceremonies.
Plains / Eastern Wadlands
As early as 1000 B.C., the ancient Pueblo began to farm in various parts of the arid southwest desert. The three staples of their diet were corn, beans, and squash. The ancient Pueblo were skilled artisans who created baskets and pottery that were beautiful yet practical.
East of the Mississippi River, woodlands and prairies covered the lands that stretch between the great lakes and the Gulf of Mexico. The mound builders relied mostly on hunting and gathering, but they also tamed wild plants and farmed crops such as barly.
Individual Cherokee villages formed a complex alliance with each other and with other cultures. During Wartime, some villages were known as "red towns,''