O you hard hearts, you cruel men of Rome, Knew you not Pompey?
We make holiday to see Caesar and rejoice in his triumph.
Brutus and Caesar: what should be in that of 'Caesar'? Why should that name be more sounded than yours?
It must be by his death...He would be crown'd: how that might change his nature, there's the question.
The plebians are out in the streets of Rome, celebrating Caesar's rise to power. Caesar conceived this power by killing the once beloved ruler, Pompey. Tribunes, Flavius and Marullus, are angry at these people for forgetting about Pompey so quickly. They think that the people of Rome are stupid for praising the man that killed Pompey, as they once loved him dearly. This scene displayed how easily manipulated these people were.
How foolish do your fears seem now, Calpurnia!
It was a vision fair and fortunate,
Cassius is speaking to Brutus about what he thinks about Caesar. He asks Brutus of his opinion, and Brutus says that he sees Caesar as a friend, but he does not think he would be a good ruler. As to provoke this, Cassius goes on about how cowardly Caesar is, while flattering Brutus in the process. He does this in order to get Brutus in on his plan to kill Caesar, and to turn him against Caesar.
Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead!
Ambition's debt is paid.
Brutus' inner turmoil is revealed in this scene. He tries to convince himself that killing Caesar is the only option that he has, and that is must be done (otherwise, he has no reason to fight with Caesar). He argues that Caesar is dangerous (comparing him to a serpent's egg) to the people, and he is too selfish to be king. Brutus also believes that if not stopped, Caesar will become a horrible tyrant and make the people slaves. This thought process led him to join Cassius' plan and become a conspirator.
If I were dispos'd to stir Your hearts and mindsto mutiny and rage, I should do Brutus wrong and Cassius wrong, Who...are honourable men.
Calpurnia has a horrible dream that predicts the outcome of Caesar going to the Capitol. She dreams that there was a statue of Caesar in the Capitol that was spouting blood, and the people of Rome were bathing in it with smiles on their faces. Although this is an obvious bad omen, Decius ends up twisting the message of the dream in order to flatter Caesar. Because of this, Caesar ignores Calpurnia's warnings and goes to the Capitol.
As Metellus and the other conspirators try to convince Caesar to bring back the banished Publius Cimber, Casca decides that he's had enough of the pleading. He stabs Caesar numerous times before the other men join in. Then, just as Calpurnia's dream foreshadowed, the conspirators yell in joy and bathe in Caesar's blood. Caesar was murdered at the feet of Pompey's statue, which was ironic considering that Caesar killed him for the throne in the first place
After Brutus speaks to the plebeians and explains why he had to kill Caesar, he allows Anthony to speak at his funeral. Anthony subtly turns the people against the conspirators with carefully selected words. The people then understand that Caesar would have been a good and kind ruler, and they develop a mob-like mindset. They actively seek out the conspirators in plans to kill them, and they do not hesitate to hurt anyone that stands in their path. Because of this angry and brash mindset, they end up killing an innocent poet, Cinna.