Large States: We want two houses based on population!
Small States: We want one house based on equal representation!
Articles of Confederation
Where is your army?
Northern and Southern states did not agree on the representation of a slave. The South believed they should have representation as they made up a large part of the population. Northern States did not agree as they did not want to diminish their numerical advantage in the House.
The small states wanted every state to have equal representation in Congress, while the large states wanted representation based on population.
Under the Articles of Confederation, there was no strong central government. No power to collect taxes or raise a standing army are two examples of the weakness of the federal government under the Articles.
I have come to collect your taxes
This compromise states that a slave would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determining a states population.
The Connecticut Compromise created a bicameral legislature which had the Senate with equal state representation and The House of Representatives with representation based on population.
House of Representatives
The Constitution was the new highest piece of legislature that created a strong national government that had powers such as the power to raise an army and collect taxes.