Siddhartha Gautama, a Hindu prince of Nepal, was born in 563 B.C. His dad takes him to a fortune teller where he predicts Siddhartha will be a king, or a religious leader. Of course, Siddhartha's father wants him to be a king.
Siddhartha was raised in a life of luxury. He never experienced any for of unpleasantness. When he rode down the street in his chariot, the guards clear the road of any beggars or suffering people. He married and had a son, he had everything a man could want.
One day, Siddhartha took a chariot ride with no guards. There was no one to clear the road of unpleasantness, so Siddhartha experienced it for the first time. He sees and old man with a cane, he sees a diseased man, a dead man, and a homeless but holy man. The Buddha wants to be like him.
The Buddha trades his rich clothes for one piece of scratchy cloth, and starts the path of self-denial. The Buddha denied himself from any luxuries. He barely ate, didn't bathe, and spent many days meditating. He continued this until one day he passed out, he began to eat regularly after this.
When his strength returned, Siddhartha seeked the truth. He sat under a fig tree for 49 days, he was tempted with riches by Mara, god of desire and death. But he wouldn't accept the temptations, and after 49 days, he became enlightened.
Instead of enjoying himself in heaven, he chose to teach India for another 45 years. His purpose in life was to awaken the world to the truth. He also didn't believe in the caste system.