Abd al-Rahman was the last surviving Umayyad prince. He established a powerful, independent state called al-andalus. In Cordoba, Christians, Jews, and Muslims lived together under a government that practiced religious.
The Safavid Empire and the Ottoman Empire were always battling. The ottoman Empire continued to build its empire as it challenged the Muslim rulers. As for the after of the reign of Suleyman l, the Ottoman Empire steadily declined.
Science and Philosophy
Medieval Muslim leaders and scholar played a key role in preserving and building on the intellectual work of ancient Greece, Persia and India. Muslim scholar revived interest in the works of such Greek mathematicians as Euclid and Archimedes.
Art and Architecture
The safavid Empire reached is Peak between 1588 and 1629 During the reign of Shahs, in 1722, a group of Afghan Warriors invaded the safavid Empire which resulted and its downfall. In 1556 the Mughal Leader Akbar the Great came to the throne at the age 13 and led Muslim India to a brilliant golden Age.
Medieval times, which spanned from the 500s too the 1500s saw the rise and fall of many Muslims empires. The Muslims quest for knowledge helped make the form of medicine practiced in Muslim lands the most advanced in the world.
A typical mosque was topped by a large dome and had one or more minarets. Muslim artists did not portray human figures or animals. Mosques displayed many architectural features that were from Roman etc.