cold war

cold war

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  • The Cold War was the geopolitical, ideological,  and economic struggle between two world super- powers, the United States and the USSR, which  began at the end of the Second World War  in 1945 and continued until the Soviet Union was  abolished on December 26, 1991.
  • The Iron Curtain was the name for the non-physical border that split Europe into two different fields from the end of the 1945 World War II to the end of the 1991 Cold War. The word symbolizes the Soviet Union's (USSR) attempts to prevent itself and its satellite countries from open contact with the West and its allies. The nations linked to or affected by the Soviet Union were on the east side of the Iron Curtain, while on the west side were the states associated with or nominally hostile to the United States. On each hand of the Iron Curtain, separate global financial and military alliances have been created.
  • The Marshall Plan (formally the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative adopted in 1948 to assist Western Europe, in which the United States provided financial assistance in excess of $12 billion (approximately $100 billion in 2018 US dollars) to assist restore Western European economies after the end of the Second World War. This happened because if western Europe was more economically developed than the west, then that would be considered a defeat for Stalin.  
  • Description The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the 1962 October Crisis, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a thirteen-day confrontation between the U.s and the Soviet Union initiated by the American discovery of the deployment of Soviet ballistic missiles. On October 22, 1962, in a television address, President John Kennedy (1917-63) notified Americans of the presence of the missiles, explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba and made it clear that the U.S. was prepared to use military force if necessary to neutralize this perceived threat to national security. Many individuals feared that the world was on the verge of nuclear war following this news.
  • The Berlin Airlift began In reaction to the Soviet land route blockade to West Berlin, the U.S. is launching a huge airlift of food, water, and medicine for the people of the besieged town. Supplies from American aircraft maintained the more than 2 million individuals in West Berlin for nearly a year. One of the Cold War's first significant global crises was the Berlin Blockade. During the post-World War II Germany multinational occupation, the Soviet Union blocked under Western control the rail, highway and channel access of the Western Allies to the Berlin areas.
  • A fresh war started after the Second World War drew to a close in the mid-20th century. This fight, known as the Cold War, matched against each other the two major powers of the world— the democratic, capitalist United States and the Communist Soviet Union. Starting in the late 1950s, space would become another spectacular arena for this contest, as each party tried to demonstrate the supremacy of its technology, its military firepower, and its political-economic system by extension.
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