In this scene, the president of the United States is talking how we just found Hawaii. Although the United States found useful resources on Hawaii, the man on the right is saying how the queen of Hawaii is opposed to all of the American influence in Hawaii.
Great! We have found new land in the Pacific. I think that territory is called Hawaii. Plus, they have sugar!
But Sir, I think the Queen of Hawaii is not too fond of us spreading American influence and culture in Hawaii.
In this scene, the USS Maine is sinking and the President decides to get involved with the Spanish American War. He mainly did this to get something from Cuba for defending them from Spain.
We must get involved in this war and avenge the sunken USS Maine!!
Oh no! We are sinking! Spain sunk our ship! WE'RE GONNA DIEEEE!
In this scene, America won the war against Spain and had America allowed Cuba to be free of Spain. However, the agreement that ended the war forced Spain to give the United States the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Although Cuba was free, they had to seek U.S. permission to get involved in foreign affairs.
Darn Tootin'! Now give us Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines and let Cuba be independent under our supervision.