Water was the most important necessity during a drive. A Longhorn could drink up to 30 gallons of water a day. Without plenty of fresh water, the cattle became irritable and would stampede. The Texas cowboy admired the Longhorn because it fought him.
Spindletop described the big oil strike that ocured on January 10, 1901 The boys started drilling there in June 1900.At 575 feet, Lucas found traces of oil, but his equipment was not strong enough to continue. After finding business leaders willing to invest in new equipment, Lucas continued drilling.
the problem of transporting goods to market and travel remained acute. Three additional railroad charters were granted by the Republic of Texas to run from Galveston Bay, from Harrisburg, and from Houston to the Brazos Valley.