king mountain

king mountain

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  • the battle of the kings mountain took place on october 7, 1780 just 9 miles south of the present day town of kings mountain. 
  • the battle opened about 3 p.m ferguson was unaware that the patriots had caught up to him and his 1,100 men he was the only regular british soldier in the command, composed entirely of loyalist carolina militia.  The  patriots caught the loyalist by surprise. 
  • No one in the patriots army held command once in fighting started. They agreed to surround and destroy the loyalists. Loyalist Alexander chesney later wrote he didn't know the patriots were anywhere until he herd shooting, the patriots crept up the hill and hide behind trees and rocks and that was where they hide for protection. 
  • once the charge was spent, and the loyalist returned to their positions then the patriots would reform in the woods return to the base of the hill and  charge up the hill and reform in the woods charge up the hill again and it became a pattern. Firing was difficult for the loyalists since the patriots constantly moving using cover and concealment to their advantage.  
  • After an hour of combat the loyalist casualties were heavy and they were driven back to camp where they began to surrender ferguson knew that the end was near and ferguson shot and killed a man with a pistol in a final act of defiance but was immediately shot dead by patriots on the spot.
  • loyalist caption de peyster in command after ferguson death sent out a white flag after several minutes patriots rejected it and kept firing  when de peyster put up the 2d flag, campbell and sevier ran forward and took control and stopped the firing but  they took around 700 loyalists prisoners 290 dead and 163 wounded and the patriots had 28 dead 60 wounded.  
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