Union forces under the command of George McClellan were putting up a fight against General Lee. Battle looked to be a stalemate but the Union forces were able to push back Lee across the Potomac River. The Union’s success allowed the Emancipation Proclamation to be passed allowing all slaves to be released in “enemy” territory.
Battle of Gettysburg
While General Lee was on the move to capture the North he produced unheard of tactics of guerrilla warfare one of which was splitting the Confederate army in two Showed the Union how superior the Confederate generals were in guerrilla warfare.
Battle of Chattanooga
Vicksburg represented control of the Mississippi which was currently occupied by the Confederates. The Union victory at Vicksburg separated the Confederacy into two unconnected pieces and gave the Union control of the Mississippi
Battle of Appomattox Courthouse
General Lee had high hopes for the second invasion of the North Against all odds due to casualties, the Union held firm against Lee and was able to push him back across the Potomac River This battle resulted in the Gettysburg Address
President Lincoln replaced General Rosecrans with Ulysses Grant after many defeats Grant successfully captured Chattanooga an important transportation depot. The Confederate defeat gave the Union perfect access into the Confederate heartland.
After capturing Petersburg and Richmond general Lee wanted to combine forces with fellow general Joseph Johnston. General Grant ambushed Lee’s forces at Appomattox Courthouse. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia signaling the end of the war with the defeat of experienced general Robert E Lee