The American Revolution was initiated from many long term causes. Some of the first causes was the French and Indian war and the Procamation of 1763.
The French and Indian war was a conflict between the French and England over control of fur region in the Ohio river valley. This conflict was part of a larger conflict in Europe called the Seven Years War.
The French and Indian War eventually led to the Stamp Act, due to the fact that Britain still had war debt. In rebuttal the colonists formed the Liberty Boys and the Sons of Liberty in protest of the act who were against the taxes.
On July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was rectified declaring the colonies independence from Great Britain.
The document was comprised of three parts the Preamble (born rights), secondly a list of grievenses, and finally the actual declaration of independence from Britain. The Bill of Rights were the first 10 amendments in the Constitution.
Button Gwinnett, George Walton, and Lynman Hall were the three men that signed the Declaration of Independence on the GA colonies behalf.