Kyrgyz were settled into collectivized agriculture by the Soviet regime. This completely altered the lifestyle of nomads in the Soviet Union. It also caused chaos, hunger and violence for the first few years it was around.
Minorites of Kyrgyzstan include Russians, Uzbeks, Ukranians, and Germans. They were exiled to the region from European parts of the Soviet Union in 1941. Since 1991, many Russians and Germans have emigrated.
In August of 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, Russia. Kyrgyzstan is now seen as a democratic government.
The Kyrgyz had its own uprising in the 2000s. It overthrew what had been a typical ex-Soviet regime. These events helped to shape Russia's policy of engaging with its former territories.
An outbreak of violence happened in June 1990 between the Uzbeks and the Kyrgyz. Soviet troops were deployed to stop the fight.