Ernest Rutherford on August 30th 1871. He received his early education in Government schools and at the age of 16 entered Nelson Collegiate School.
Did you hear! The Rutherford family just keeps growing, there's like twelve of them.
Graduated with a double first in Mathematics and Physical Science That same year, 1894, he was awarded an 1851 Exhibition Science Scholarship, enabling him to go to Trinity College, Cambridge, as a research student at the Cavendish Laboratory under J.J. Thomson. In 1897 he was awarded the B.A. Research Degree and the Coutts-Trotter Studentship of Trinity College.
I went to many collages to learn mathematics, and I continued to study it all my life.
In 1910, his investigations into the scattering of alpha rays and the nature of the inner structure of the atom which caused such scattering, led to the postulation of his concept of the "nucleus". The whole mass of the atom and at the same time all positive charge of the atom is concentrated in a minute space at the center.
In 1910 I discovered the idea of the nucleus.
In 1919, during his last year at Manchester, he discovered that the nuclei of certain light elements, such as nitrogen, could be "disintegrated" by the impact of energetic alpha particles coming from some radioactive source, and that during this process fast protons were emitted.
With the help of other scientist, I have discovered that the nuclei can be destroyed.
Blackett later proved, with the cloud chamber, that the nitro actually could be transformed into an oxygen isotope. G. de Hevesy was also one of Rutherford's collaborators at Manchester.
Nitrogen in this process can be transformed into an oxygen isotope.
Amongst his many honours, he was awarded the Rumford Medal (1905) and the Copley Medal (1922) of the Royal Society, the Bressa Prize (1910) of the Turin Academy of Science, the Albert Medal (1928) of the Royal Society of Arts, the Faraday Medal (1930) of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, the D.Sc. degree of the University of New Zealand, and honorary doctorates from the Universities of Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, McGill, Birmingham, etc. He passed away October 19th 1937