In 1933, just after the Nazi party came to power in Germany and 1 year before Thomas Buergenthal was born, Thomas's Jewish parents moved from Germany to Slovakia (which was then called Czechoslovakia).
Thomas's father bought a hotel in Slovakia. Many of his father's friends who also wanted to escape from the Nazi's unfair government lived in the hotel.
You are now in POLAND
The hotel was taken over by Slovak soldiers who had sided with the Nazis. In 1938 the Buergenthal family moved to Zilina, a nearby city, and when Thomas turned 5 they crossed the border to Poland.
On September 1, 1939, the Buergenthal family took a train to a boat that would take them to England, but the train was invaded and bombed by the German Army. Thomas and his parents walked to Kielce with other refugees.
In Kielce they were put in a ghetto, and later, in 1944, Thomas and his parents were deported to Auschwitz.
In 1945, Thomas and his parents were marched out of the camp, with no breaks, food, or water. Thomas was one of only three children that survived. Thomas was deported to Sachsenhausen, where he was liberated in April 1945.