On June 15, 1215, the barons of medieval England confronted King John, and forced him to put his seal on the Magna Carta.
For the first time in history, a ruler placed himself under the rule of law.
he can not do this without our permission first!
rule of law
When British settlers came to America in the 1600's, they brought this idea with them, along with provisions from the Magna Carta like majority rule and the rights to due process of law, a speedy trial and trial by jury.
next in line!
In 1689 parliament declared that James had abdicated by deserting his kingdom.
I'm done with this place, I need a vacation.
The sovereign was forbidden from suspending or dispensing with laws passed by parliament. Or imposing taxes without parliamentary consent.
Excessive bail will not be required nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted