The electoral college is where people representing the U.S. citizens formally cast votes based on their states opinion for who they want as President and Vice President.
The electoral college has both pros and cons.
Who are educated electors?
The popular vote is what the people, as a whole vote for, but to win the presidency you have to win at least 270 electoral votes. These votes are cased by electors of each state and are given to the candidate which the majority of the state voted for.
The Electoral College spreads the campaigning out and ensures that candidates will be best for the country by giving the vote back to educated electors.
What is a two party system? A two party system is a political system where the electorate gives votes to two major parties.
Some of the cons of the Electoral College are that some people feel like their vote doesn’t matter and the Electoral College facilitates a two party system
New York vs. Vermont As of right now, New York has 29 electoral votes and Vermont has 3. This means that, in the election, candidates are more likely to try and win the states with more electoral votes, in this case New York. People in Vermont may think their vote doesn't count for as much, because candidates might only try and swing the bigger states.
How It Is Now
Maine & Nebraska
Maine and Nebraska use a different system from the other states. These 2 states split their electoral votes based on their voting districts. Whichever party gets the majority in the state, gets the 2 votes from their senator.