Colonists in the New England colonies endured bitterly cold winters and mild summers. Land was flat close to the coastline but became hilly and mountainous farther inland. Soil was generally rocky, making farming difficult.
The first Englishman to come to America was John Cabot in 1497. He was looking for a way to get to the Indies by sailing west. Cabot claimed most of the east coast of North America for England. The first Englishman to come to America was John Cabot in 1497. He was looking for a way to get to the Indies by sailing west. Cabot claimed most of the east coast of North America for England. however, the Spanish government did not like this. They wanted only Spain to trade. Sir Francis Drake, a British sea captain, often traded with the Spanish. In 1582 his ship was sunk in a port in Spanish America. Most of Drake's men were killed in this attack. Drake gathered a new crew in England and began pirating the Spanish treasure ships. He also attacked the Spanish settlements in America. (found information: https://bookunitsteacher.com/colonial_america/reasons.htm)
The New England colonies include Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island. The lifestyle of New England’s people was greatly impacted by both its geography and climate. New England’s economy depended on the environment. Its location near the Atlantic Ocean along a jagged coastline determined how people made a living. People in New England made money through fishing, whaling, shipbuilding, trading in its port cities and providing naval supplies. One of the busiest port cities was Boston. People in New England could not make a living from farming because most of the land was not suited to farming due to the hilly terrain and rocky soil. The nature of the soil was partially caused by the Appalachian Mountains. (http://teachers.henrico.k12.va.us/fairfield/saunders_d/homework/colonies/ne.pdf)
important Events/other important information
Religion in the Colonies was extremely diverse and many of the religious groups, such as the Puritans and the Quakers established the first of the 13 colonies on the basis of their religious beliefs. The long, hazardous, 3000 mile trip from Europe to North America was undertaken by many in a search for religious freedom.
Political life (government)- Key economic, political and social characteristics of the New England colonies. ... New Hampshire was founded by proprietors for trading and fishing. Massachusetts founded for religious freedom by puritans and separatists. Rhode Island founded by Roger Williams for religious freedom.
1620-1691: The Plymouth Colony was established. ...1621: Peace Treaty between Wampanoag Indians and Pilgrims - Strawberry hill, Plymouth, Massachusetts arranged by Squanto.1630: Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded. ...1631: First public Thanksgiving - Massachusetts Bay Colony.