Before the American Revolutionary War, each state had its own constitution, which gave people certain rights, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press. During the war, the 13 colonies united to free themselves from British rule. The states joined together to set up a central government.
Different social classes
An Act for the Encouraging and increasing of Shipping and Navigation. The Navigation Acts, or more broadly The Acts of Trade and Navigation were a long series of English laws that developed, promoted, and regulated English ships, shipping, trade, and commerce between other countries and with its own colonies.
In the first settlements in America, men were the only citizens arriving. They were considered "gentlemen" and thought of themselves as 'too good to perform daily routines such as hunting'. The main reason these first settlers came to America was not to establish a permanent settlement, but to get rich quickly from natural resources in the land. As more and more women arrived, marriages and families were created almost instantaneously. In some areas, the average age a woman married was around 20, considerably lower than the average in England. Women also had more freedoms than in Europe. Since there were very few women and a high amount of men, the females were able to select who they wished to marry. High mortality rates also caused women to have a more flexible lifestyle. When the male, the head of the household, passed away and the female was still alive, she gained control of land and therefore, gained much economic power. In the New England region, the family structure was more stable and more traditional than those in the south near Chesapeake. Children in this area were also expected to live longer and healthier lives in the New England region.
Upper Classes, These men were the elite, wealthy, well bred and well educated minor aristocrats. Middle Class Men could vote but few held public office. Lower Classes& 'Poor Whites'Men of the lower class could not vote, none held public office, few owned property and most were illiterate. Indentured Servants (who included about 50,000 convicts) were were not paid any wages for up to 7 years. Indentured servants had few rights, they could not vote, they were not allowed to marry or to leave their houses and travel without permission and were not allowed to buy or sell anything. Slaves 20% of population of North America were slaves and had no rights
Slavery existed in all the British American colonies. Africans were brought to America to work, mainly in agriculture. In Virginia, most slaves worked in tobacco fields. Men, women, and children worked from sunup to sundown, with only Sunday to rest. It was hard, backbreaking work.
Colonial Education: In the New England colonies, parents believed that their children should learn about Christianity. To that end, parents taught their children to read so they could read the Bible.