The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The intense Confederate artillery bombardment of Major Robert Anderson’s small Union garrison in the unfinished fort in the harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, had been preceded by months of siege-like conditions.
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, was one of the bloodiest day in all of American History. Battled principally on September 17, 1862, between the town of Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek. It finished General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of a northern state.
Battle of Gettysburg
Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House
It allowed the North to use the slaves they captured and allowed them to serve in the military. It did not free slaves that were not captured. The Northern states that had slaves still kept their slaves, the South did not acknowledge President Lincoln's authority. The growing number of captured slaves were a problem for the North. This rid the North of this issue and turned the war into an issue over slavery.
The Battle of Gettysburg, battled in July 1863 was a Union triumph that ceased Confederate General Robert E. Lee's second attack of the North. In excess of 50,00 men fell as setbacks during the 3- day fight, making it the bloodiest clash of the American Civil War.