The Quebec Liberal Party, under Jean Lesage, gained power in Quebec in June 1960. Lesage introduced many new legislative measures aimed at reforming the corruption that had become prevalent during the years of Duplessis, transforming and strengthening the social and educational system, eliminating most secular activities of the Roman Catholic Church, and directly involving the provincial government in economic growth.
The Front de libération du Québec was a liberation movement in militant Quebec that used terrorism to try to establish an independent and socialist Quebec. Between 1963 and 1970, they were responsible for over 200 bombings and tons of thefts that left six people dead. Their actions resulted in the assassination, in what became known as the October Crisis, of British trade commissioner James Cross and the abduction and eventual murder of Quebec cabinet minister Pierre Laporte.
On 30 October 1995, a referendum held in Quebec proposed sovereignty for the province as part of a new economic and political alliance between Quebec and the rest of Canada. In this case, 93.5 percent participated and the individuals were split into two groups. One argues that Quebec has fundamental rights and is isolated from Canada, while the other believes that Quebec's identity is inseparable from the identity of Canada. By a slim majority of 50.58 percent, the no" side claimed victory.