Before the Indian Removal Act went into effect, Jackson had many treaties with Native Tribes as to where they could live and where their land was. After Jackson started the Indian Removal Act, these treaties were effectively ignored.
Indian Removal Act
The five civilized tribes attempted to assimilate into white culture in order to avoid being removed from their land. They began living in villages, dressing in western-style clothing, built plantiations, and some even attended school.
Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court Case
In the 1820's, gold was discovered on the Cherokee land. This caused white settlers to take an interest in the land. The settlers wanted the gold so they began to forcefully remove the natives.
Trail of Tears and Indian Territory
The Indian Removal Act was a law that covered Native American relocation. Under this law, they were forced to leave their home lands and relocate to Indian Territory. Jackson approved this law in 1830. This law ended the US government's policy of respecting the rights of Native Americans.
There were to sides to this Supreme Court Case. Side One was the State of Georgia, which was trying to remove the Cherokee from their land. Side two was the Cherokee, who argued that they had a right to their land. In the end, the Supreme Court decided in favor of the Cherokee, a verdict which Jackson later ignored.
The Trail of Tears was the long hard journey taken by the Cherokee as they were relocated to Oklahoma, or the Indian Territory. During this journey, many natives died due to hardships such as lack of supplies. Over 70,000 Indians were forced to give up their homes and relocate.