Like his grandfather Nicholas I, Alexander LLL clung to the principles of autocracy, a form of government in which he had total power.
Rapid industrialization changed the face of Russian economy.The number of factories more than doubled between 1863 and 1900.
World War I
In the late 1800s Russia and Japan competed for control of Korea and Manchuria. They both signed a series of agreements over the territories. Russia broke them, and Japan retaliated by attacking russia. The repeated losses led to a revolt in the midst of war.
The Czar Steps Down During The March Revolution
On January 22, 1905 about 200,000 workers approached the Winter palace. Carrying a petition with a list of demands for the Czar. In return the Czar's generals ordered the soldiers to fire into the crowd, killing hundreds and wounding thousands. This provoked a wave of strikes and violence across the country.
Nicholas II made the fateful decision to put russia in WWI. Russia wasn't prepared to handle the costs, and suffered terrible losses. As in the Russo-Japanese war, Russia's involvement in WWI showed how weak the Czar's rule and leadership was.
The March Revolution forced Czar Nicholas II to abdicate his throne. A year later revolutionaries executed Nicholas and his family. The revolution succeeded in bringing down the Czar, but failed to replace it with a strong government.