States wanted their representation in government to reflect their population size - larger states get more say and smaller states have less influence. It also called for the creation of a bicameral legislature with three branches of government. Also gave the national government the power to veto state laws.
Article VHow to Amend the Constitution
Each state wanted equal representation regardless of population size. Also gave Congress the power to tax and regulate interstate commerce as well as calling for the restoration of the unicameral structure from the Articles.
General voters that determine the number of electors based on population as well as who the electors will vote for
A compromise in which the government was split into two houses: The House of Representatives and the Senate. The Senate's representation is based equally regardless of population and the House represents based on population size. This was the plan that was ultimately adopted.
Provided details on how to amend the Constitution, either through a congressional proposal or convention of the states, with final ratification from 3/4 of the states.
Convention of the states
A compromise in which electors represent individual states during presidential elections rather than each individual person that is voting. The number of electors is based on the number of representatives in the House per state plus two for the Senators of the state.
Electors of the Electoral College that represent their state in presidential elections
Another compromise decided upon during the Convention in which it was decided that 3/5 of a state's slave population would count towards the number of Representatives and Electors a state got.