Muslims first conquered Spain in 711.The last Umayyad prince fled to the region and founded a Umayyad dynasty.He transformed it into the greatest city in the world.
The Ottomans ended the the Byzantine Empire by capturing Constantinople.After they took over they had a ruler known as Suleyman the magnificent.After his rein the Ottoman almost fail.
Science and philosophy
The Safavids became an independent state in 1501. The Safavids and Ottomans went into a long lasting battle that lasted almost 100 years.
Art and Architecture
The Mughals were nomads from central Asia.They had a leader named Akbar the Great who lead them into a golden age.They started to decline at 1857.
Muslim,Jewish, and Christian doctors collected the best available medicine knowledge.One of the most influential works was was a 30 volume medical encyclopedia .Ibn Rushd wrote influential medicine books.
A typical mosque topped by a large dome and had one or more minarets.The inside of mosque also had distinctive features.Decoration inside a mosque was often elaborate writing called calligraphy and abstract called arabesque.