Hello! Welcome to Protein Synthesis! This is a cell and the DNA is going to start the transcription and it takes place in the nucleus. Transcription caries the code out of the nucleus. DNA doesn't go outside of the nucleus soooo transcription starts where DNA is unzipped so that way, RNA use the base pairing to match the nucleotide with the DNA. After that, It will become an mRNA that goes out of the nucleus to send a message to rRNA. DNA is transcribed to mRNA. DNA has Adenine (green), Guanine (blue), Thymine (red), and Cytosine (yellow). RNA has Adenine, Guanine, Uracil (grey), and Cytosine.
This is where RNA use those base pairing rules to the nucleotides
After DNA is transcribed to mRNA, mRNA went to the rRNA (ribosomal) so that way, they can start translation. Translation occurs in cytoplasms and it will make proteins at the end. Once mRNA arrives at the rRNA, it starts to read the codons and this is where tRNA arrives. tRNA has anticodons that binds these codons with their anticodons. Codons are the 3 sets of nucleotides and it can be found in the mRNA. tRNA starts at methionine which is TAC. It will keep continue binding with the nucleotides. Once tRNA binds with codons, it receives an amino acid like methionine. It will stop until...
tRNA with anti-codons
tRNA binds with mRNA
It reaches a STOP codon. The stop codons can be UAG, UAA, and UGA. Once it reaches a STOP codon, it releases Proteins. That's where translation is finished and the Protein synthesis is finished.