Leonardo da Vinci was a very talented person. He was a painter, architect, scientist, visionary, sculptor. engineer, and philosopher. Leonardo da Vinci learned how to sculpt, make brushes, paint, draw, and grind colors at Verrocchio's workshop. He soon became the most gifted person in the workshop.
Leonardo da Vinci. (1452-1519) "The Florentine genius Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps the most fascinating figure of the Renaissance." Page 61. Chapter 3.
He created a more effective telescope in 1608 that was 10 times more powerful than the original. He made multiple discoveries about space and astronomy, proving the original "facts" they grew up learning wrong. In 1610 he published a book called "The starry messenger".
Galileo Galilei. (1564-1642) "He refused to believe that anything was so just because they said it was." Page 313 Chapter 9.
At a young age he began inventing things. He attended school for two years before he started working at his fathers print shop. He spent his allowance on books which he used to educate himself. In 1723 he ran away to Boston. In 1728 he became part-owner of a print shop and started publishing his own newspaper advertising his inventions.
Benjamin Franklin. (1706-1757) One of the most famous Enlightenment thinkers." Page 334. Chapter 10.
Vesalius taught anatomy at the University of Paduda. He would cut into dead human bodies and show his students the organs inside. By doing that, he discovered that Galen's "discoveries" were wrong. In 1543 he published a book called "on the Structure of the Human Body" that was based off of his discoveries and observations.
Vesalius (1514-1564) "...In the 1500s, Vesalius, a physician from Flanders, began to question what Galen had written." Page 310. Chapter 9.
Newton was born in England. He got sent to Cambridge University where he learned about physics, mathematics, and astronomy. He would also track comets and observe space. He tested gravity.
Issac Newton (1514-1564) "One of Newton's teachers, who saw the boy's brilliance, convinced his mother to send him to Cambridge University." Page 317. Chapter 9.