General Joseph Hooker Union Commander of the Army of Potomac Fought in the Battle of Antinam
Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson Confederate Fighter, Served General Lee
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 450 buildings in 1860
General Robert E. Lee Confederate Commander of the Army of North Virginia Fought in the Peninsula Campaign, the Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville
July 1, 1863
General Meade VS General Lee
Cemetary Ridge- Defended by the Union
Union retreats that night
Bloodliest day of the Battle of Gettysburg
A Union general spreads his soldiers too thin.
Longstreet takes the opportunity and advances
General Meade sends reinforcements
July 2, 1863
General Longstreet (Confederate) arrives with his army of 20,000 men
Union retreats to Little Round Top
July 3, 1863
General Lee chooses Pickett and a few others to lead a charge on Cemetery ridge.
They had to cross 3/4 of a mile, and break down obstacles in the way while being open to fire.
They were weakened from crossing the field, eventually retreating after being attacked from three sides
Confederate General Picketts' division arrives
6,000 Confederate Casualties
Half of Pickett's division of 6,000 were killed, with fifteen of his commanders in the charge The Union lost about 1,500 men in Pickett's Charge The Union lost 3,100 total in Gettysburg
This Battle: Caused the first National Cemetery to be fabricated Was the first time the country honored Veterans Was the closest the Confederates came to winning the war Was the bloodiest battle in United States History
Gettysburg Address: November 19, 1863
"...It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here so nobly advanced..."
The state purchased property for a proper burial of Union soldiers.
"...We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live..."