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In 1927, Stalin put forward the idea of adopting the kholkhoze method to the peasants
However, not many kholkhozes were set up between 1927 and 1929, which slowed down the growth of towns and led to a supply problem for industrial workers
In 1930, Pravada newspaper announced that collectivisation was to become mandatory, and all farms would hand over their land, crops and livestock
The kulaks disapproved of this decision as they benefited the most from private farming
In response, they burned crops, killed livestock and damaged machinery. An estimate of 20-35% of livestock was lost
In 1931, after suffering famine, Stalin forced all peasants to take part in collectivisation - those who resisted were executed, or forced to miigrate
In 1932, the USSR suffered another famine and by 1934 7 million kulaks were killed due to their lack of cooperation and destruction of farms