Collectivisation
Updated: 1/29/2021
Collectivisation

Storyboard Text

  • In 1927, Stalin put forward the idea of adopting the kholkhoze method to the peasants
  • However, not many kholkhozes were set up between 1927 and 1929, which slowed down the growth of towns and led to a supply problem for industrial workers
  • In 1930, Pravada newspaper announced that collectivisation was to become mandatory, and all farms would hand over their land, crops and livestock
  • The kulaks disapproved of this decision as they benefited the most from private farming
  • In response, they burned crops, killed livestock and damaged machinery. An estimate of 20-35% of livestock was lost
  • In 1931, after suffering famine, Stalin forced all peasants to take part in collectivisation - those who resisted were executed, or forced to miigrate
  • In 1932, the USSR suffered another famine and by 1934 7 million kulaks were killed due to their lack of cooperation and destruction of farms