Geography and Early Development of Rome

Geography and Early Development of Rome

Storyboard Text

  • Location and geography of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Etruscan Influence of Engineering on the Romans
  • Rome is in Italy, a country in southern Europe that consists of a peninsula and islands. The Italian peninsula resembles a boot, reaching into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointing toward Sicily.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • The Romans have a legend about how their city was founded. A princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus, long ago, according to the myth. Mars was the father of the sons. The king, who was the princess's uncle, was concerned that the boys would grow up to seize his kingdom, so he had his men drown them in the Tiber River. However, a she-wolf rescued the twins before they drowned.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture 
  • The Etruscans taught the Romans various techniques in engineering, and the Romans became brilliant builders as a result. The arch and the cuniculus were two major Etruscan designs that the Romans adopted. Two pillars supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones, which were used to support Etruscan arches. A cuniculus was a long underground trench connected to the surface by vertical shafts. These tunnels were used by the Etruscans to irrigate land, drain swamps, and distribute water throughout their cities.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, Writing
  • Deadly Etruscan sporting contests were also adopted by the Romans. Slave fighting was one of few. During funerals, the Etruscans would arrange slave fights. With swords and small shields, two slaves of the dead master fought to the death. The winner was then executed after being congratulated. Chariot races were also very popular with the Romans Thousands of slaves died fighting as gladiators in Roman stadiums. Charioteers risked their lives racing four-horse teams, and Romans always gathered to watch.
  • The Romans were heavily influenced by Greek architecture. Temples for their gods, Were built from marble. The Parthenon, for example, had dignified columns that added to its beauty. In their own public buildings, the Romans used Greek ideas. They eventually learned how to utilize concrete to build even grander structures, such as Rome's Pantheon. Concrete was also used by the Romans to construct massive stadiums such as the Colosseum, where gladiators battled.
  • Some Greek ideas were gained through Etruscan art, while others were directly borrowed from the Greeks. The Greek potters' work was eagerly welcomed into the households of the Romans. The technique was copied by Roman artists, however they evolved their own style. Greek art had such a strong effect on Roman painting and sculpture that historians refer to it as "Greco-Roman art." The Roman religion was a mix of several influences. For example, when establishing their cities, they adopted Etruscan religious ceremonies. There were many similarities between Greek and Roman alphabets. The Romans, like the Greeks, used all capital letters in their writing. Important documents, like as laws and treaties, were carved into bronze or stone tablets, some of which were placed in public squares by the Greeks. In addition, the Romans engraved inscriptions in walls and columns that were visible to everybody. Many Roman poets and mythologists were influenced by Greek poetry and mythology.
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