Sumerians moved from the foothills to the fertile crescent to have more food. They made a complex irrigation system with canals and levees to control the water. They also made plows to make planting crops easier. Plows dug long holes in the ground to plant crops in
I really wish I had a plow .
All social structures have different levels. The top level was Priests, Kings, nobles and government officials . The middle level was merchants and artisans, and the lowest level was slaves. The King collected taxes and made laws. Scribes wrote the laws and had to memorize thousands of characters!
I'm a scribe.
All civilizations have some kind of religious system. In Sumer religious beiefs influenced many parts of a daily life. The pleased their Gods by doing everyting for them. Like growing crops for them. Ziggurats were one way that Sumerians expressed their beliefs. They are religous temples.
All civilizations have a highly developed culture. Metal works made weapons and cups, also decorative items Music was another important way of expression in Sumer. The Sumerians thought that playing music pleased the Gods. One favorite instrument was the lyre. It was a wooden instrument mad of a box and string.
The most important technological advancement was the wheel. Potters used them for spinning clay. The Sumerians discovered the wheel could be used for transporting things quickly. Before the invention of the wheel, people had to carry their things on flat bottom carts called sledges.
The final characteristic of civilization is a highly developed written language. Cuniform is the written language that the Sumerians created. They used a stylist to carve symbols into clay tablets. Pictograph was a more simple form of writing. They were symbols that represented real life items.