Andrew Jackson convinced Congress to expand west. So, Congress finally passed The Indian Removal Act after much debate. For that reason, the government and the Natives signed treaties. This required the Natives to move west. Even though the Natives didn't want to sign the treaties, they felt like they had no choice.
Indian Removal Act
The Natives were known as "Uncivilized Natives." Consequently, the Natives assimilated the European lifestyle. For that reason, five tribes were successful. They were able to live in towns with roads, go to school and church, have a representative government, and become farmers.
Worcester v Georgia Supreme Court Case
The Cherokee nation was established in 1827. This is because the Cherokee tribe was able to create its own Constitution. Additionally, the nation was founded in a land called Georgia. Unfortunately, Georgia became valuable a year after the Constitution was signed. It was considered valuable to the white because gold was discovered in the land.
Trail of Tears & Indian Territory
The Indian Removal Act was wanted by Andrew Jackson. After much debate, Congress agreed to pass the law. It was meant to remove Natives from their homes. Jackon wanted to remove the Natives from their homes because of he wanted to expand west and Georgia became valuable. In addition, the Indians were put onto the Trail of Tears. For that reason, Tribes were forced to move to Oklahoma.
Once gold was found in the land of the Cherokee Nation, all treaties were ignored. The Cherokee tribe was upset and they refused to move. So, the Georgia Militia started attacking the Cherokee towns. Furthermore, the tribe decided to sue the state of Georgia. Moreover, this started the Worchester vs. Georgia case.
More than 16,000 Indians for the Cherokee were removed from their homes. Also, the Cherokee Indians were forced into camps. In addition, about 1 in 4 Indians died from this journey and many more from relocation. In fact, more than70,000 Indians had to give up their homes and move to Oklahoma. Consquelnsy, the Natives were able to live in Oklahoma until 1906.