Born: February 15, 1564, Pisa, Italy Died: January 8, 1642, Arcetri, Italy Achievements: His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations, and support for Copernicanism. How did they inspire others to advance the field of Science? Using the telescope, Galileo discovered the mountains on the moon, the spots on the sun, and four moons of Jupiter. His discoveries provided the evidence to support the theory that the earth and other planets revolved around the sun.
Born: February 19, 1473, Toruń, Poland Died: May 24, 1543, Frombork, Poland Achievements: Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer who is most famous for his contribution in establishing the heliocentric nature of the Solar System. His theory led to the Copernican Revolution, which is considered as the launching point of modern astronomy and the Scientific Revolution. How did they inspire others to advance the field of Science? In it, Copernicus established that the planets orbited the sun rather than the Earth. He laid out his model of the solar system and the path of the planets.
Born: January 25, 1627, Lismore, County Waterford, Republic of Ireland Died: December 31, 1691, London, United Kingdom Achievements: Robert Boyle, the person who discovered that the volume of a gas decreases with increasing pressure and vice versa—the famous Boyle's law. How did they inspire others to advance the field of Science? About this time Boyle employed Robert Hooke to help him with his experiments. Together they built the air-pump used in many of Boyle's most important experiments including the establishing the necessity of air for combustion, for animal breathing, and for the transmission of sound.
Born: December 27, 1822, Dole, France Died: September 28, 1895, Marnes-la-Coquette, France Achievements: Louis Pasteur is a world-renowned French chemist and biologist, who founded the science of microbiology, proved the germ theory of disease, invented the process of pasteurization, and developed vaccines for several diseases, including rabies. How did they inspire others to advance the field of Science? He pioneered the study of molecular asymmetry; discovered that microorganisms cause fermentation and disease; originated the process of pasteurization; saved the beer, wine, and silk industries in France; and developed vaccines against anthrax and rabies.
Born: November 7, 1867, Warsaw, Poland Died: July 4, 1934, Sancellemoz Accomplishments: Discovery of Radium and polonium, Development of x-rays, During World War l, Marie Curie helped out by using portable X-ray machines, and Marie Curie was the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize. How did they inspire others to advance the field of Science? the discovery of two new elements, radium and polonium.