We have that big test next period. Lets review real quick for the test. Who were Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels?
Karl Marx was a German journalist who introduced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism. Friederich Engels, a German whose father owned a textile mill in Manchester, outlined their ideas in a 23-page pamphlet called The Communist Manifesto.
According to The Communist Manifesto, humans are divided between the "haves" and "have nots". The haves are called bourgeoisie and the have nots are called the proletariat. The haves are the employers and the have nots or the employees.
Okay, now how was the human society set up and divided?
According to Marx, he believed that the capitalist system would eventually destroy itself in the following way. Factories would eventually drive small artisans out of business, leaving a small number of manufacturers to control all the wealth. The large proletariat would revolt, seize the factories and mills from the capitalists, and produce what society needed. Workers, sharing in the profits, would bring about economic equality for all people. The workers would control the government in a "dictatorship of the proletariat."
Good job, now what was the future according to Marx?
Marx called this final phase pure communism. Marx described communism as a form of complete socialism in which the means of production-all land, mines, factories, railroads, and buisnesses- would be owned by the people. Private property would in effect cease to exist. All goods and services would be shared equally.
Lastly, what was the final phase of this process called according to Marx?