Railroads made possible the expansion of industry across the United States.
Definition: Railroad tracks spanning across continents.
Standard time and daylight saving time
Buried at Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, IL
As the railroads grew, they came to influence many facets of American life. They caused standard time and time zones to be set and influenced the growth of towns and communities. However, the unchecked power of the railroad companies led to widespread abuses that spurred citizens to demand federal regulation of the industry.
A golden spiked marked the spanning of the nation by the first transcontinental railroad. Other transcontinental lines followed, and regional lines multiplied as well. At the start of the Civil War, the nation had had about 30,000 miles of track.
Credit Mobilier Scandal
Started on 1867 but gained public attention on 1872.
In 1869, Professor C.F. Dowd proposed that the earth's surface be divided into 24 time zones, one for each hour of the day. Under his plan, the United States would contain four zones: the Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific time zones. The railroad companies endorsed Dowd's plan enthusiastically, and many towns followed suit.
Interstate Commerce Act
The Act created the ICC, (Interstate Commerce Commission)
George Mortimer Pullman (March 3, 1831 – October 19, 1897) was an American engineer and industrialist. He designed and manufactured the Pullman sleeping car and founded a company town, Pullman, for the workers who manufactured it. His Pullman Company also hired African-American men to staff the Pullman cars, who became known and widely respected as Pullman porters, providing elite service.
The Crédit Mobilier scandal of 1872-1873 damaged the careers of several Gilded Age politicians. Major stockholders in the Union Pacific Railroad formed a company, the Crédit Mobilier of America, and gave it contracts to build the railroad. They sold or gave shares in this construction to influential congressmen.
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United State Federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices. The Act required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just," but did not empower the government to fix specific rates. It also required that railroads publicize shipping rates and prohibited short haul or long haul fare discrimination, a form of price discrimination against smaller markets, particularly farmers in Western or Southern Territory compared to the Official Eastern states.